When designing a house, lighting is one of the most neglected aspects. Ideally, the right type of illumination can drastically change the look and feel of any home. In fact, it is one of the easiest ways to transform a space without spending a lot of money. Most interior designers swear by the power of lighting and suggest it to people who need to stay within a designated budget. Correct lighting can enhance the ambiance and set the mood. Whether it’s artificial illumination or natural lighting, the amount of light that enters a house can make a major difference. Here are some effective ways to set up lighting and transform your home.

Consider the Type of Room and Space

Firstly, you need to consider the type of room and its uses. How is the area usually used? Is the room multi-functional? What kind of furniture will be incorporated within the room? Who and how many members will use it? How many openings does the room have? When is the room used the most? Questions like these will help you decide the type of lighting that will be fit for each space.

Living Room

Your living room is a space that is mostly used for socializing and relaxing. To achieve this, you will need soft lighting that glows and spreads throughout the space. Even though a central pendant is the most common way to light a living room, modern designers use floor lamps and downlights to create background lighting. If the room is used for any other purpose, such as reading, consider installing task lights.

Kitchen and Dining Area

The type of setting and design of your kitchen is the first parameter that must be considered. Since kitchen spaces are often used for social gatherings, the type of lighting used matters a lot. Get hold of the kitchen plan and mark the location of the platform, tables, seating area, and pantry. Kitchens should always have seamless lighting, which can be achieved by installing downlighters, spotlights, or pendants. This creates ambient lighting that appeals to the users. Make sure that the work surfaces are well lit with position lighting fixtures.


Since bathrooms are prone to slippage and other hazards, the type of lighting installed in this space is of utmost importance. To install lighting in a bathroom, consider each zone. For instance, the shower or bath area falls under zone 0, which should be the safest. At the same time, consider the light fixtures’ IP rating to determine their water-resistance zone. Overhead lighting is necessary for a bathroom to provide optimum visibility, especially if you stay with elders.


To decide the type of lighting in your bedroom, consider the use of this space. Do you use it to sleep and relax, or is it used for working as well? If you have a study table in your bedroom, the area should be well lit during the day and emit a soft background light at night.

Along with the type of space, you must also consider the type of décor you choose.

Understand Different Lighting Styles and Types

You have a myriad of styles and types of lights to choose from. To narrow down your search, consider these three types of lighting.

General Lighting

This type of lighting is used for overall illumination and to emit background light. It provides optimum brightness and proper visibility to carry out normal activities such as walking and reading. Common light fixtures include wall-mounted lights, chandeliers, track lights, ceiling fixtures, and recessed lights.

Task Lighting

This type of lighting is typically used for tasks that need to be carried out with scrutiny, including cooking, reading, sewing, or any other important tasks that need concentration. These lights are extremely bright and do not strain the eye while working. It includes track lighting, tape lighting, lamps, cabinet lights, and pendant lights.

Accent Lighting

As the name suggests, this type of lighting is used to highlight an accent wall or a decorative element within the house. It creates visual interest and a touch of drama. These lights act as a focal point on paintings, plants, and other elements of interest. Common accent lights include wall-mounted fixtures, track lighting, and cabinet fixtures.

Common Styles of Light Fixtures

Ceiling Lights

If your space has lower ceilings, you can directly install lights on the surface instead of hanging or pendant lights.

Pendant Lights

Light fixtures that are suspended from the ceiling from a cable or rod are known as pendant lights. These are used in spaces that need a relaxed ambiance, such as bedrooms and dining areas.

LED Strip Lights

An LED strip light is a circuit board that consists of multiple LEDs and is available in multiple colors. These strip lights are usually used as accent lights that highlight cabinets, ceilings, tables, art pieces, etc. If you want to illuminate your ceiling or staircase, try these LED light tape strips for a superior lighting effect. These are inexpensive and easy to install.


Spotlights are ideal for highlighting a feature wall or an accessory in your room. These lights fall under the category of accent lights and are commonly used in outdoor spaces or living rooms.  

Make an Installation Plan

Your installation plan primarily relies on the type and size of lighting fixtures you are using. You must also decide the location to avoid confusion with your electrician. While the style and type of space are necessary for comprehension, you must also consider your lighting fixtures’ measurements. It primarily depends on the height and volume of the space where the lighting is to be installed. Mark the location of the fixtures and note down the type of lighting you wish to install.

lighting in your home

Since lighting is a smaller detail in any interior design project, it is often overlooked. Pay attention to your décor theme and incorporate lighting as a crucial step in the project’s early stages. While lighting is necessary to set the mood and create an atmosphere, you should also look for functionality. Lastly, try to incorporate natural lighting as much as you can. While artificial lighting is necessary, natural lighting makes any area look bigger and adds positivity.