Throughout history, humanity has always been looking for new ways of obtaining clean drinking water; in the past, people dug wells to obtain untainted water, and in the present, people install filters in their houses to make sure their drinking water is clean. One of the oldest types of water filtration is activated carbon filters, which can help remove dirt and other large particles from your drinking water.

Reverse osmosis water filtration has been around since the 60s but has had a rise in recent years due to its highly effective purification process. UV filters are the latest out on the market and use UV light technology to kill bacteria found in tap water. If you live in an area where tap water has a high mineral content, new alkaline water filters are available for your home that can help soften your water to make it more palatable. This article will show you how technology changed the way water filtration.

a glass of filtered water

Activated Carbon Filters

Activated charcoal filters have been around since the 1700s and are still in use today in many households. These filters are essentially tubes of carbon usually sourced from charcoal, which water can pass through. As the unfiltered water passes through the carbon in the tube contaminants like dirt and other materials are attracted to it and get trapped in the filter allowing clean water to come out the other end. Since these filters collect contaminants they do have to be replaced every 2-3 months.  These types of filters will make your water much purer and tastier, but they sometimes won’t be able to filter out all the bacteria that other filters can.

Reverse Osmosis Filters

The French scientist Jean-Antoine Nollet first discovered the process of reverse osmosis in 1748, but the first time it was harnessed to filter water was in the 1960s in California. This filtration system was first an industrial scale procedure. Still, over the past decades, it’s gotten smaller and smaller to the point that they can be installed in pretty much any house if you are interested in these systems, check these reviews. There are many variants of these systems, but most start with water being sent through a filter that first cleans the unfiltered water of larger particles like dirt. Next off, the water passes through a reverse osmosis filter that removes even the tiniest of impurities. Finally, water then passes through a third membrane as an added precaution to be sure all unhealthy compounds have been removed. Because of this rigorous filtration process in reverse osmosis water treatment, it produces some of the cleanest water you can get out of a home water filter.

UV Filters

One of the newest types of filters to hit the market in the past few years are UV filters which use UV rays to kill bacteria and make water safe to drink. It’s been known for quite a while that UV rays kill bacteria, which is one reason why people traditionally hung out their laundry in the sun to dry. Still, recently companies have been putting out filters with built-in UV lights as a means to purify water. These filters will kill pretty much all harmful bacteria found in water. Still, their one downside is that they do little to filter organic particles out of your drinking water, so you will get the best results if you pair them with other filters like an activated carbon one.

Alkaline Filters

If the tap water in your area is full of minerals, it’s considered hard water, but luckily in the past decade’s technology has advanced enough that you can now soften your water at home. Alkaline filtration has been around for decades, but the process is available in your home through filters that separate alkaline and acidic water through the process of electrolysis. Acidic water is returned into the water system while the alkaline water will come out of your tap. Alkaline water is considered much better for your body than acidic water, and its taste is much better as well.

Water filtration technology has advanced quite a bit in the past few decades to the point where you can get cutting edge technology in your very own kitchen. For most of the 20th century, activated carbon filters have been and are a good standard filter but won’t filter out every impurity. With advances in reverse osmosis technology, these sorts of filters are now small enough to fit in your home so you can get the cleanest water available to you.

Even advances in UV technology have now been applied to home water filtration systems to help eliminate harmful bacteria from your drinking water. Finally, even the process of electrolysis through home alkaline filters has been applied commercially to help soften your drinking water to make it taste much better. In recent years water filtration has indeed entered the 21st century, and since your body is around 60% water, why not try out one of these systems so you can hydrate yourself at home with the best water possible!